History Of Blood Transfusion

  • 1628 English physician William Harvey discovers the circulation of blood. Shortly afterward, the earliest known blood transfusion is attempted.
  • 1665 The first recorded successful blood transfusion occurs in England: Physician Richard Lower keeps dogs alive by transfusion of blood from other dogs.
  • 1667 Jean-Baptiste Denis in France and Richard Lower in England separately report successful transfusions from lambs to humans. Within ten years, transfusing the blood of animals to humans becomes prohibited by law, delaying transfusion advances for about 150 years.
  • 1795 In Philadelphia an American physician, Philip Syng Physick, claims to perform the first human blood transfusion, although he does not publish this information.
  • 1818 James Blundell, a British obstetrician, performs the first successful transfusion of human blood to a patient for the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. Using the patient's husband as a donor, he extracts approximately four ounces of blood from the husband's arm and, using a syringe, successfully transfuses the wife. Between 1825 and 1830, he performs 10 transfusions, five of which prove beneficial to his patients, and publishes these results. He also devises various instruments for performing transfusions and proposed rational indications.
  • 1840 At St. George's School in London, Samuel Armstrong Lane, aided by consultant Dr. Blundell, performs the first successful whole blood transfusion to treat hemophilia.
  • 1867 English surgeon Joseph Lister uses antiseptics to control infection during transfusions.
  • 1873-1880 US physicians transfused milk (from cows, goats and humans) .
  • 1900 Karl Landsteiner, an Austrian physician, discovers the first three human blood groups, A, B and O. The fourth, AB, is added by his colleagues A. Decastello and A. Sturli in 1902. Landsteiner receives the Nobel Prize for Medicine for this discovery in 1930....»»»Read more.

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